Dairy & Beef Cattle
The Finley Vet Clinic team of cattle and mixed practice vets provide ambulatory emergency care 24 hours a day for dairy and beef cattle farmers across the Southern Riverina region. We pride ourselves on our preventative medicine focus, and our vets are encouraged to develop an in depth understanding our our clients’ farming operations so that they become an integral part of the farm’s management team.
The normal gestation length of a cow can range from 279 – 288 days.
The normal progression of the calving process involves 3 stages of labour.
The 1st stage is when the cervix is starting to dilate and uterine contractions become regular. This leads to signs of discomfort, mild colic and restlessness. The cow will show this by getting up and down frequently, standing with an arched back, holding her tail raised and may have increased heart rate and respiratory rate.
The 2nd stage begins with the onset of abdominal contractions and rupture of foetal membranes, often seen as fluid spilling from the vagina. This stage ends when the foetus is born. The average duration of second stage labour is 70 minutes but can range from 30 minutes to 4 hours. This stage of labour is normally longer in heifers than in cows.
Consult your veterinarian if:
- A cow close to her expected calving date has been restless for 12 hours (ie possibly in 1st stage labour) with no signs of straining.
- A cow has been straining (ie in 2nd stage labour) for 1 hour without progress.
The 3rd stage of labour begins once the calf is born and ends when foetal membranes have been passed, in a cow this may last a couple of days.
There are many different causes for a cow not to make progress during calving such as a malpresented or oversized calf, foetal deformity, uterine torsion, or the cow’s inability to push. Our veterinarians are well trained to identify the problem, and provide the appropriate solution for you and your animal.
Calving Cows Program
Apiam Animal Health’s Calving Cows program:
- Identifies risks in key management areas
- Provides tailored farm medicine advice
- Establishes specific written treatment protocols
- Provides training for common periparturient diseases and perinatal conditions.
Flying Start Calf Management Program
Successful calf rearing requires attention to detail and balance across all the specific areas of a calf rearing system. Recognising this is the first step to ensure your calves stay healthy, grow well and reach their full genetic potential. There are no two herds the same and as a result, blanket recommendations are not always appropriate or relevant to your individual situation. The Flying Start Calf Management Program provides basic fundamental principles in each specific calf rearing area, to help lay the foundations for successfully rearing calves.
Areas covered are:
- Pre-Calving Care
- Colostrum Management
- Health Management
- Nutrition and Weaning
In both beef and dairy herds, accurate pregnancy diagnosis is the cornerstone of effective management practices.
Dairy herds rely on accurate pregnancy test results to plan for the coming season.
Pregnancy testing via rectal palpation
For many years, rectal palpation has been the gold standard of pregnancy diagnosis.
Ultrasound pregnancy testing
Over recent years, ultrasound pregnancy testing has become more commonly used.
- Ultrasound pregnancy testing is faster and more accurate than rectal pregnancy testing.
- Ultrasound can also identify twins and an infected uterus.
Our team of professional Veterinarians conduct pregnancy testing on over 140,000 animals per year in a large area of the Southern Riverina. Many of our staff are accredited under the National Cattle Pregnancy Diagnosis Scheme (NCPD) for both manual and ultra-sound diagnosis and as such offer the highest degree of accuracy possible. We are audited annually and as such are the only pregnancy testers able to tail-tag and certify cattle for sale according their stage of pregnancy.
How accurate is pregnancy testing?
Why pregnancy test early?
The further in calf a cow, the harder it is to be accurate about how far pregnant she is:
> From 6 to 16 weeks of pregnancy we are very accurate.
> Above 16 weeks, the accuracy is reduced.
When should I pregnancy test my herd?
The minimum number of preg. tests should be:
> Test 6 to 7 weeks after the end of AI.
> Test 6 to 7 weeks after the bull is removed.
What can I do to help with pregnancy testing?
A list of AI dates converted to the number of weeks pregnant at the time of preg testing optimizes pregnancy testing accuracy. Cow identification needs to be accurate, easy to read, not have 2 or more cows with the same identification and not have cows with no identification.
The pregnancy testing results need to be recorded accurately. Recording results is not an easy job – the person doing that job cannot do other jobs. If the cow identification is difficult to read, then the recorders job is more difficult. If you do not have a spare person to record results, let us know and we can bring an extra person to record.
How can I make more use of my pregnancy test results?
Some things you do with your information include:
Inducing late cows 10-12 weeks prior to their expected calving dates gives the best chance of bringing these cows in line with those calving to A.I. and therefore tightening up the calving period.
Cull empty cows
Knowing how many empty cows you have allows you to calculate how many other cows you can afford to cull.
Formulate a feed budget
A feed budget is an accurate assessment of the herd’s future feed requirements compared to feed availability. An accurate predicted calving pattern is required for the calculation of a feed budget.
Benchmark your Results
You have spent a lot of money on joining your cows – how do your results compare? A danger in talking about figures with other farmers is that you are often comparing apples with oranges. For example comparing how many empty cows you have compared to another farm is meaningless, if you joined for 10 weeks and they joined for 20 weeks.
Finley Vets provide a comprehensive service to monitor the performance of bulls in both Beef and Dairy herds.
Our large animal vets are all members of the Australian Cattle Vets and we carry out a comprehensive Bull Soundness Examination aimed at finding sub-fertile bulls. This includes a full physical examination, serving ability test (as necessary) and semen evaluation. The semen evaluation is initially a microscopic, crush-side examination for motility and concentration followed by laboratory assessment of semen morphology.
Our semen collection is conducted with a “Pulsator IV”, an imported ejaculator that allows for consistent, efficient and low stress semen collection.
Testing of your bulls 1-2 months prior to joining is a good way for both Dairy and Beef herds to minimise sub-optimal performance. In doing so, it gives confidence in the management of the bull power necessary for good reproductive performance.
Veterinary Calf Disbudding
Finley Vet Clinic’s stress and pain free procedure for disbudding calves.
The process is designed to allow easier disbudding whilst maintaining animal welfare.
We can reduce the pain, discomfort and other negative health impacts from the dehorning process.
This is achieved by the administration of general sedation and then local anaesthetic to the horn base, this in turn allows us to complete the job consistently and efficiently.
Recent studies have found that calves receiving heavy sedation/pain relief and local anaesthetic prior to Veterinary disbudding will have improved growth rates and appetites in the two weeks following disbudding.
Veterinary disbudding with sedation and local anaesthetic, results in an average of 1.4kg greater growth over the 2 week period following disbudding (this is a 17% increase in growth rate over the period).
- Heavy sedation/pain relief
- Local anaesthetic disbudding
- Antibiotic protection
- Hernia checks
- Removal of extra teats
The following guidelines are essential to providing the most effective stress and pain free disbudding process:
- Calves must be older than 2 weeks of age to handle the sedation that is administered.
- Do NOT feed the calves for 6 Hours prior to the disbudding, to avoid bloating, choking and aspiration of food.
- Sick Calves should have disbudding delayed.
- Disbudding can be scheduled for Lunch time or afternoon bookings as well as in the morning.
- Calves that are on once daily feeds can be fed in the morning and then disbudded later in the same day.
The sedation we use makes it more difficult for the calves to regulate their own body temperature. This makes them more susceptible to over heating on hot days and becoming too cold on cold days.
Delayed Wake Up:
On completion of the job the vet will assess the calves for alertness and treat accordingly. If calves are still unresponsive 2-3 hours after disbudding then please contact us.
As calves have been off milk for some time we would like to feed them approx 2 hours after the completion of procedure.
Hernias & Extra Teats:
Calves with hernias or extra teats will be identified and treated accordingly at the time of disbudding.
Finley Vet Clinic provides several herd performance programs to help farmers improve productivity and performance on farm. Correct Weight follows on from the Flying Start program to help manage appropriate growth of your heifers in order to improve reproductive efficiency and milk production when they enter the milking herd.
The program entails 5 weighing visits usually about 2 months apart starting from when heifers are weaned and finishing prior to start of mating. Prior to each weigh events a bulk faecal egg count is carried out on each group to facilitate selective worming practices on farm. Following each weigh event you will receive a comprehensive data analysis and report detailing how the groups are performing and how you can improve practices in the coming months to ensure your heifers are growing appropriately to reach industry target weights for their breed. If you have any further enquiries, please call the Finley Vet Clinic and speak to one of our dairy vets.
Correct Weight is a package that will guide you in the profitable management of heifers from weaning to joining by providing:
- Regular weighing
- Worm monitoring
- Nutritional and animal health advice
Take the stress out of your heifer management!
Proactive management and early intervention improves chances of having a healthy and productive animal enter the herd
- Improved fertility (bigger heifers get in calf earlier)
- Increased longevity (they live longer!)
- Reduced calving problems
- Higher production – 50kg heavier at calving results in 1041 litres extra milk over 3 lactations
- Smarter drenching using FEC results – saves money on drench and reduces worm resistance
- Confidence that heifers are protected from disease by up-to-date vaccination
- Expert joining advice available on request
- Additional animal health monitoring and treatment beyond the package are available on request.
Finley Veterinary Clinic
Finley Veterinary Clinic
- 21 Pinnuck St Finley NSW 2713
- Monday – Friday 8.30 am – 5.30 pm
- Saturday 9 am – 12 noon
- Telephone: 03 5890 8444
- Email: email@example.com
- 24 Hour Emergency: 03 5890 8444
Tocumwal Branch Clinic
- 8 Murray St, Tocumwal NSW 2714
- Tuesday and Thursday
- 8.30 am – 11.30 am
- Telephone: 03 5890 8488
Finley Veterinary Clinic
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Apiam Animal Health Limited ACN 604 961 024
Apiam Animal Health Limited and each of its subsidiaries ('Apiam', ‘our’, 'we' or 'us') take your privacy and security very seriously. We respect your rights to privacy under the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) (“Act”) and we comply with all of the Act’s requirements in respect of the collection, management and disclosure of your personal information. This policy relates only to the personal information management practices of Apiam. Personal information means information which identifies you as an individual, or from which your identity can reasonably be ascertained. This Policy describes how we collect, store, use and disclose personal information and also explains your rights to access and correct that information or make a complaint about our handling of our personal information (regardless of the form of the information and whether the information is true or not). This policy does not relate to personal information held about current or former employees of Apiam.
WHAT TYPE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION DO WE COLLECT?
We only collect personal information if it is necessary for one of our functions or activities. The type of personal information we collect will depend on the reason for collection. Generally, the types of personal information we collect will include name, contact details and records of communication with us.In addition, we collect information relating to:
Veterinary clients and/or retail customers
- information about your pet or animal ownership details; insurance details (if applicable) for the treatment of your pet or animal;
- details of the products and services you have purchased from us or which you have enquired about, together with any additional information necessary to deliver those products and services and to respond to your enquiries;
- marketing preferences, including the type of marketing materials you wish to receive and the method of delivery (email, SMS, direct mail, or other);
- responses to customer satisfaction, service development, quality control and research surveys and similar activities;
- any additional information relating to you that you provide to us directly through our websites or indirectly through use of our websites or online presence, through our representatives or otherwise; and information you provide to us through our customer surveys or visits by our representatives from time to time.
- We may also be required to collect your personal information under State and Territory veterinary surgeons’ legislation.
- employment and academic histories and the names of referees. We will collect this information directly from organisations that provide recruitment related services to us, and from third parties who provide job applications with professional or personal references.
We will also collect information, including names and contact details, about:
- people involved in or through organisation that we support;
- our suppliers (this information is collected for business-related purposes but contains some limited personal information such as contact details of the people that we liaise with);
- people who correspond with us, including through our website, in which case we may keep a copy of that correspondence and relevant contact details; and
- people who request information updates about us through our mailing list.
HOW WE COLLECT AND HOLD PERSONAL INFORMATION
Where it is reasonable and practicable to do so, we collect personal information directly from you when you correspond or register your details with us, when you present your pet or animal for treatment at one of our clinics or provide feedback to us. Depending on the nature of our interaction with you, we may collect personal information from third parties – for example, information about job applications is collected in manner set out above; where new veterinary practices join the Apiam group and from organisations with whom we have an affiliation. Apiam may also collect personal information about individual veterinary surgeons (for example where other veterinary surgeons are also involved in the care of an animal), contractors and other individuals who interact with us. This information is generally collected for administration and management purposes. We hold personal information in hard copy (paper) or electronic form. If you provide information to us electronically, we retain this information in our computer systems and databases. Information held in electronic form is generally held on servers controlled by Apiam or on servers controlled by third parties under contractual arrangement with Apiam in Australia. Apiam uses physical security, password protection and other measures to ensure that personal information stored in electronic form is protected from misuse, interference and loss; and from unauthorised access, modification and disclosure. Personal information collected in hard copy (paper) form may be converted to electronic form. Information held in paper-based form is generally securely stored at our veterinary clinics, or our head office. Apiam uses physical security and other measures to ensure that personal information in hard copy form is protected from misuse, interference and loss; and from unauthorised access, modification and disclosure.
WHY WE COLLECT, HOLD AND USE PERSONAL INFORMATION
We may use personal information for the primary purpose for which it is collected (e.g. the provision of our veterinary services) or for purposes related to the primary purpose where it would be reasonably expected that we would use the information in such a way, or in other limited circumstances as set out in the Privacy Act 1988 (Privacy Act). We collect, hold and use your personal information to:
- to provide safe and effective veterinary care to your pet or animal;
- to provide products and services to you and to send communications requested by you;
- to answer enquiries and provide information or advice about existing and new products or services;
- to communicate with you about upcoming appointments, health checks, vaccination schedules and other related veterinary care matters;
- ▪ to manage, monitor, plan and evaluate our services;
- for safety and quality assurance and improvement activities;
- for testing and maintenance of information technology systems;
- for product and service development, quality control and research to improve the way Apiam and its service provides provide products and services to us and you;
- to seek your feedback in relation to customer satisfaction and our relationship with you and perform research and statistical analysis using such feedback;
- to correspond with people who have contacted us, and deal with feedback;
- to recruit and assess potential employees;
- for marketing (including direct marketing), planning, product or service development, quality control and research purposes of Apiam and its related bodies corporate;
- to maintain and update our records;
- to comply with any law, rule, regulation, lawful and binding determination, decision or direction of a regulator, or in co-operation with any governmental authority of any country;
- to answer your questions, provide you with information or advice (including general pet health advice) or consider and respond to requests or complaints made by you.
WHY WE DISCLOSE PERSONAL INFORMATION
We may not disclose personal information to third parties unless we are permitted to do so by law or we have obtained consent to do so. We may disclose personal information for the primary purpose for which it is collected or for purposes related to the primary purpose where it would be reasonably be expected that we would use the information in such a way. Third parties we may disclose personal information to include:
- Veterinary care professionals (for example, veterinary pathologists) in the course of the provision of veterinary care to your pet or animal (where this is consistent with our veterinary surgeons' legal and professional obligations);
- Data analysts, IT service providers and our advisors including our professional advisors (including legal and financial advisors);
- Financial institutions involved with administering billing (including administration of insurance and other third-party payment arrangements) and debt recovery; and
- Government agencies.
- We take steps to ensure that our service providers are obliged to protect the privacy and security of personal information and use it only for the purpose for which it is disclosed.
OVERSEAS DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION
Unless we have your consent, or an exception under the Australian Privacy Principles applies, we will only disclose your personal information to overseas recipients where we have taken reasonable steps to ensure that the overseas recipient does not breach the Australian Privacy Principles in relation to your personal information. We may use cloud computing services or data storage located overseas in which case information may be stored, under our control, on computer servers located outside of Australia.
ACCESSING AND CORRECTING PERSONAL INFORMATION
You can request access to your personal information held by us, or request that it be corrected, by contacting us at the address below.Where we hold information that you are entitled to access, we will try to provide you with suitable means of accessing it (for example, by mailing or emailing it to you). There may be instances where we cannot grant you access to the personal information we hold. For example, we may need to refuse access if granting access would interfere with the privacy of others or if it would result in a breach of confidentiality. If that happens, we will give you written reasons for any refusal. If you believe that personal information we hold about you is incorrect, incomplete or inaccurate, then you may request that we amend it. We will consider if the information requires amendment. If we do not agree that there are grounds for amendment then we will add a note to the personal information stating that you disagree with it.
DESTRUCTION OF PERSONAL INFORMATION
Apiam take reasonable steps to destroy or permanently de-identify your personal information where it is no longer required. Personal information which forms part of our veterinary surgeons' treatment records must be maintained in accordance with legislative and professional requirements.
COMPLAINTS ABOUT HANDLING OF PERSONAL INFORMATION
CHANGES TO THIS POLICY
- Call us: (03) 5445 5999
- Email: privacy*apiam.com.au
- In Writing: The Privacy Officer – Apiam, PO Box 2388, Bendigo DC, Vic 3554